Glioblastoma is a cancer of the brain that’s difficult to treat because it invades the normal brain structure.
Meningiomas are the most common benign brain tumor although up to 10% can exhibit more aggressive growth patterns.
Metastatic brain tumors (also known as secondary brain tumors) arise from a cancer from another part of the body and occur in 10 – 30% of cancer patients.
Schwannoma (Trigeminal & Vestibular) tumors are typically benign and arise from the nerve sheath (covering) of cranial nerves along-side the cerebellum and brainstem.
Craniopharyngiomas are benign brain tumors that arise near the Pituitary Gland and Pituitary Stalk and are typically both cystic and solid in structure.
Chordoma are locally invasive slow growing malignant tumors that arise from the remnant of the primitive notochord.
Colloid Cyst are relatively uncommon benign cysts that arise within the fluid filled regions of the brain, the ventricles.
Epidermoid Cyst are relatively uncommon benign cysts or tumors that arise from stratified squamous epithelium along the surface of the brain.
Hemangioblastoma are relatively uncommon benign tumors that are comprised of blood vessels and typically arise in the cerebellum, but can also occur in the brainstem and spinal cord.
The ventricles of the brain are fluid-filled structures that produce the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord.
Olfactory neuroblastomas (ONBs) are rare malignant tumors that arise from the olfactory nerve (sense of smell) and extend into the nasal cavity.
The pineal gland lies deep within the brain and regulates circadian rhythm. Occasionally, tumors or cysts can arise from this gland which may require surgery, radiation or chemotherapy.
Spinal cord tumors arise in the spinal cord itself or adjacent to the spinal cord and can occur in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar regions.