According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 250,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year.
Most prostate cancers begin in the back of the prostate, a small gland the size of a walnut, near the rectum. Prostate cancer is also remarkably curable and treatable when caught early. Which is why early screening is imperative. If you are a man over the age of 40, a screening may save your life.
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Unfortunately, there usually are no warning signs for prostate cancer. The growing tumor does not cause pain, so for many years patients may be unaware of the cancer.
Screening for Prostate Cancer:
Digital Rectal Exam
A digital rectal exam is a common and useful screening tool where your doctor will examine the prostate by inserting a gloved finger into the rectum.
A PSA test will also be used during screening. The PSA test can help catch the disease early when treatments may be more effective. This test measures the levels of prostate specific antigen which is a protein produced by the prostate and mainly found in semen. When there is a problem with the prostate, more PSA is released. As the PSA number goes up, the chance that cancer is present increases.