Imaging studies, along with physical exams of the breast, can lead doctors to suspect that a person has breast cancer. However, the only way to know for sure is to take a sample of tissue from the suspicious area and examine it under a microscope. This is known as a biopsy and it is the only test that can tell if cancer is present. It will help us to know if surgery is required and if so, the type of surgery required.
The gold standard method for biopsy of a breast abnormality is a core needle biopsy performed under image-guidance. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia and is highly accurate for diagnosis. If a breast cancer is diagnosed, surgery for treatment of the cancer can be appropriately planned without having required a separate surgery for diagnosis alone.