Workup and Treatment for Endocrine Tumors and Disorders
Thyroid ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves that pass through the tissues to create images and can help the surgeon determine which nodules are worrisome, if there is evidence of thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s or Graves disease), and if any surrounding lymph nodes look suspicious.
Thyroidectomy and Neck Dissection
A thyroidectomy is surgery to remove half (thyroid lobectomy) or your entire (total thyroidectomy) thyroid gland for either large or suspicious thyroid nodules, cancer, or hyperthyroidism. Our endocrine surgeon can perform minimally invasive thyroid surgery for most diagnoses.
Radioactive iodine (RAI), or I131, is given to destroy thyroid tissue in your body. It works by preferentially concentrating in thyroid tissue and emitting radiation very slowly (for up to year) to kill thyroid cells. It is given in small doses as treatment for Graves disease or hyperthyroidism, and slightly larger doses as adjunctive therapy for more aggressive thyroid cancers.