If you have GERD, be careful about what you eat and drink. Don’t have too much of the following:
- Fried and fatty foods
- Citrus fruit and juices
- Tomato products
- Drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, soda, and energy drinks
You should also:
- Eat smaller portions
- Not overeat
- Quit smoking
- Not drink too much alcohol
- Wait a few hours after eating before you lie down or go to bed
- Lose weight if needed
- Raise the head of your bed 6 inches by putting bricks or cinderblocks or bedrisers under the bed legs under the head of the bed
Be sure to check any medicines you are taking. Some may cause problems with the lining of your stomach or esophagus. You may also want to talk to your healthcare provider about:
- Taking medicines to reduce your stomach acid (antacids)
- Taking medicines called H2-blockers and proton pump inhibitors. Taking these medicines before eating may stop heartburn from happening.
- Taking medicines that help to empty food from your stomach (promotility medicines). You will need a prescription for these. However, these medicines are rarely used to treat reflux disease unless there are other problems, too.
- Having surgery called fundoplication. This is sometimes done to help keep the esophagus in the right place and to stop the backward flow of fluid (reflux).